2021 Disease Alerts

Suspect Date Confirm Date Confirmed Detection
Stearns 01-21 1/7 1/12 H6 influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Kandiyohi 02-21 1/11    

2020 Disease Alerts

Suspect Date Confirm Date Confirmed Detection
Becker 01-20 1/10 1/16 H1N1 swine lineage virus
Otter Tail 02-20 2/6 2/14 H1N1 swine lineage virus
Meeker 03-20 10/30 11/5 H6N1 Influenza A
Meeker 04-20 10/30 11/5 H6N1 Influenza A
Meeker 05-20 11/12 11/24 H6N1 Influenza A
Meeker 06-20 11/16 11/24 H6N1 Influenza A
Waseca 07-20 11/23 12/10 H1 and H3 swine lineage virus
Meeker 08-20 11/27 1/11/2021 H6N1 Influenza A North American wild bird lineage low virulence virus
Meeker 09-20 12/4 1/11/2021 H1H6N1 Influenza A virus
Meeker 10-20 12/4
Stearns 11-20 No suspect sent 12/10 H1 and H3 swine lineage virus
Kandiyohi 12-20 12/9
Stearns 13-20 12/9
Meeker 14-20 12/10
Stearns 15-20 12/14
Meeker 16-20 12/14
Kandiyohi 17-20 12/16 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Stearns 18-20 12/18 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage

H1H3H6N1 Influenza A virus

Kandiyohi 19-20 12/18 1/11/2021 H1N2 Influenza A virus of swine lineage
Stearns 20-20 12/23 1/11/2021 H1H3H6N1 Influenza A virus
Kandiyohi 21-20 12/23 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Kandiyohi 22-20 12/23 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Kandiyohi 23-20 12/23 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Meeker 24-20 12/24 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Meeker 25-20 12/29 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Stearns 26-20 12/31 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage
Stearns 27-20 12/31 1/11/2021 H6 Influenza A virus of North American wild bird lineage

2019 Disease Alerts

Latest Updates

4/10/20: HPAI biosecurity reminder for MN poultry owners

Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza FAQs

NPIP Biosecurity Principles

Blog posts and short videos from the University of Minnesota Poultry Extension:

Introduction | Video

Principle #1 | Video

Principle #2 | Video

Principle #3 and 4Video #1  |  Video #2

Principle #5 |  Video

Principle #6  |  Video

Principle #7  |  Video

Principle #8  |  Video

Principle #9  |  Video

Principle #10  |  Video

Principle #11   |  Video

Principle #12  |  Video

Principle #13  |  Video

Principle #14Video (final principle)

(9/27/17) NPIP Biosecurity Principles – Latest information via video from the September 13th Producer Lunch and Learn Meeting in Willmar (and via webcast) – click here.

(7-2017) Gobbles article explaining NPIP Biosecurity Principles (by Dr. Dale Lauer)

For more information on the Biosecurity Principles, Audit Guidelines, and a Biosecurity Audit Form, go to the NPIP website – www.poultryimprovement.org. Under the lefthand column, select NPIP Program Standards < Biosecurity Principles. --- (8/2/17)  USPOULTRY funding supports research on ventilation shut down for depopulation – USPOULTRY announces the completion of a funded research project at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, N.C. in which researchers provided insight on using ventilation shut down as a humane depopulation method.

Researchers at North Carolina State University, led by Dr. Kenneth Anderson, recently completed a research project in which they studied the effectiveness of ventilation shut down (VSD) as a depopulation method for caged layers. They found that the effectiveness of VSD could be enhanced by the addition of heat or CO2. Actual time of death and time spent unconscious prior to death were measured using electroencephalograms on individual hens. This research provides a scientific foundation for understanding how the poultry industry can use VSD as a humane depopulation method during disease emergencies. (Link here)

(7/28/16) – New Poultry Disease Planning Tool! After the devastating outbreak of HPAI in 2015, it was widely recognized that producers and responders needed to be better prepared to make sure it never happens again.  In response, several programs have focused on improving biosecurity or adding diagnostic testing capacity in Minnesota but there is still a need to help the individual poultry producer understand the information he or she needs in an emergency. With this in mind, an idea was hatched at the University of Minnesota to create an online poultry producer planning tool. The goal was to create an online platform for poultry producers to help them get the information they need in an easy to access format. The result is a tool that you can access and use at poultrydiseaseplanning.com!

(3/24/16) APHIS Statement – APHIS  issued a record of decision for the final programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS) on carcass management alternatives that could be implemented during an animal health emergency.  The agency has determined that carcasses resulting from animal disease outbreaks, natural disasters, radiological incidents, and chemical exposures can be disposed of safely using a variety of available methods.  This decision will be used to support animal health emergency planning and decision-making.

HPAI Diagnostics – update from Dr. Dale Lauer 2-18-2016

USDA-APHIS Fact Sheets on Depopulation / Ventilation Shutdown:

USDA-APHIS Releases Interim Rule on Indemnity for HPAI  |  Interim Rule (2/5/2016)

Epidemiologic Study of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N2 among Turkey Farms – released 1/27/2016 by UMN

USDA APHIS Fall Response Plan
USDA APHIS updated response plan for HPAI (1/22/16): USDA APHIS HPAI Preparedness and Response Plan.

This plan includes updates to indemnity “flat rates” as follows:

  • Turkey $3.55 / bird
  • Layer $6.45/ bird
  • Broiler $1.15 / bird (This is an estimate based on industry averages because no broiler flocks were affected in the previous outbreak

The producer will be able to use the funds provided to do the work themselves or to hire an outside contractor. They can also use the flat rate money to help fund alternate effective virus elimination methods after consultation with APHIS representatives.

Other clarifications:

  • Clarifying that while USDA will cover the cost of purchasing vaccine, it will not incur the costs associated with administering the vaccine.
  • Clarifying that should USDA decide to vaccinate, there may be justification for not vaccinating certain commercial subpopulations within an area, such as short-lived birds (broilers, ducks) or primary breeders that are under high biosecurity or compartmentalization
  • Clarifying that surveillance testing for layer flocks would be through serological testing of vaccinates and dead bird surveillance using rRT-PCR followed by confirmatory testing at NVSL.

** There are numerous biosecurity training documents, videos, PDF files of signs and handouts, etc. in both English and Spanish on PoultryBiosecurity.org. **

Updated Biosecurity Guidelines from NTF
This file offers biosecurity updates to the National Turkey Federation Animal Care guidelines. While biosecurity recommendations have always been a part of NTF’s best management practices document, these now reflect input from state associations, individual growers, company veterinarians as well as the new USDA recommendations regarding High Path Avian Influenza.

USDA Releases Biosecurity Self-Assessment Tool for Poultry Producers
The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has released a “Checklist for Self-Assessment of Enhanced Poultry Biosecurity” and training materials as part of ongoing preparation efforts for highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). These documents will assist the poultry industry in implementing effective biosecurity practices. APHIS collaborated with state, academic and industry experts to develop the checklist and training materials. All commercial operations that produce poultry indoors are encouraged to use the self-assessment to review their biosecurity plans. Click here for details

Risks During Fall Migratory Season
Letter from the MN Board of Animal Health

2015 - Disease Alerts & Maps


As of 4/14/2015:  Because the disease suspect alerts contain multiple county locations, we will list the disease alerts by date only instead of by each individual county location.

CONFIRMATIONS: You’ll find NVSL confirmations posted by USDA for all states here.

DAILY BRIEFINGS from MN Board of Animal Health: Click here (these are the updates that go to the public / media)

NEW – Epidemiological Preliminary Analysis (5/4/2015)

Disease Alerts:

Kandiyohi #40 (6/4/2015) – Disease Suspect

Brown #5 (6/3/15) — Disease Suspect

Renville #7 and #8 + correction on Kandiyohi #39 (6/2/2015) – Disease Suspect

Kandiyohi #39 (6/1/15) – Disease Suspect

Brown County #4 (5/31/2015) – Disease Suspect

Blue Earth #1 (5/29/2015) – Disease Suspect

Brown #3, Renville #6 (5/28/2015) – Disease Suspect

Renville #5, Brown #2, Meeker #10 (5/27/2015) – Disease Suspect

Renville #4 & Kandiyohi #34, 35, 36 37 (5/26/2015) – Disease Suspect

Brown #1 & Renville #3 (5/25/2015) — Disease Suspect

Nobles #2 Commercial Broiler Chickens — Disease Suspect

Kandiyohi #33 (5/15/2015) – Disease Suspect

Meeker #9 (5/14/2015) – Disease Suspect

Renville #2 (5/13/2015) – Disease Suspect

Swift #7 (5/8/15) – Disease Suspect

2 Minnesota counties (5/7/2015) – Disease Suspect

3 Minnesota counties (5/4/2015) – Disease Suspect

3 Minnesota counties (5/2/2015) – Disease Suspect

5 Minnesota counties (4/30/15) — Disease Suspect

Stearns #13 & #14, Ottertail #3 (4/29/2015)  Disease Suspect

1 Minnesota county (4/28/2015) — Disease Suspect

2 Minnesota counties (4/27/2015) – Disease Suspect

4 Minnesota counties (4/24/2015) – Disease Suspect

4 Minnesota counties (4/23/2015) – Disease Suspect

5 Minnesota counties (4/21/15) – Disease Suspect

12 Minnesota counties (4/20/2015) – Disease SuspectSave

Kandiyohi County #8 (4/18/2015)

Ottertail County #2 (4/18/2015)

Kandiyohi County #9 (4/18/2015)

Kandiyohi County #10 (4/18/2015)

Pipestone County #1 (4/18/2015) – Backyard chickens & guinea

Cottonwood County #2 (4/18/2015)

Kandiyohi County #6 (4/16/2015)

Wadena County #1 (4/16/2015)

Meeker County #3 (4/14/2015)

Ottertail County #1 (4/14/2015)

Kandiyohi County #5 (4/14/2015)

Stearns County #6 (4/14/2015)

Roseau County #1 (4/14/2015)

Meeker County #2 (4/14/2015)

Redwood County #1 (4/14/2015)

Kandiyohi County #4 (4/14/2015)

Swift County #2 (4/14/2015)

Stearns County #5 (4/11/2015):

Swift County #1 (4/11/2015):

Le Seuer County #1 (4/11/2015):

Kandiyohi County #3 (4/10/2015):

Watonwan County (4/9/2015):

Lyon County (4/9/2015):

Cottonwood County (4/9/2015):

Stearns County #4 (4/9/2015):

Meeker County (4/8/2015):

Kandiyohi County #2 (4/6/2015):

Kandiyohi County #1 (4/4/2015):

Stearns County #3 (4/3/2015):

Stearns County #2 (4/2/2015):

Nobles County (4/2/2015):

Stearns County #1 (3/27/2015):

Lac Qui Parle County (3/27/2015):

Pope County (3/5/2015):

Farm Education Review (voluntary program)

Biosecurity Review Checklist – via App or PDF file

Growers can now access a free app called iAuditor to conduct their own on-farm reviews of their biosecurity practices. This is not a numerical scoring system; the app asks you to answer each question with “safe”, “at-risk” or “n/a (not applicable)”. You also may take photos of critical areas and attach the photos to the review checklist with your app.

iAuditor is available in the App Store (IOS devices) or Google Play (Android devices).


1) Download the FREE iAuditor app on your smartphone or tablet FIRST.

2) Email info@minnesotaturkey.com to request the MTGA Biosecurity Farm Review template for iAuditor.

3) Once you receive the email on your device, open the attachment. You will be asked how you want to open the file – choose “Open in iAuditor” (or similar language)

4) The iAuditor app will open the file. If you can’t find it immediately, go to “Templates” and it should be the first file listed.

You may also download a printable PDF file of this biosecurity review checklist. However, please note that you will not have the option to select “safe, at-risk or n/a” in the “Response” column – you must write those values in if you wish. The iAuditor app is a more robust form of the checklist and MTGA encourages you to use this digital version on your smartphone or tablet if at all possible.


Older News:
A voluntary educational tool is now available for growers, at no cost, who have been impacted by Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza.

The educational review will be completed by an accredited veterinarian as an expert resource to provide additional input on your farm’s current biosecurity plan and practices.  Dr. Jim Trites is the lead reviewer for this project, and he will work several veterinarians to utilize their training and expertise in biosecurity and to cover the territory needed over the next several weeks.

Teresa Lynch in our office will be contacting you to schedule a review, or you may reach out to her directly at tlynch@minnesotaturkey.com or 763-682-2171 to get this process started.

If a review is completed on a farm, the farmer keeps the review; the reviewer does not retain a copy.

The goal of this educational tool is to prevent future introductions of HPAI and other diseases. This is only one part of an industry solution and will enable a farmer to provide documentation of their biosecurity plan.  A farmer may use their existing veterinarian (at their own expense), but we ask that the same review tool be used.

This review is voluntary but will provide an opportunity for conversation with a veterinarian and serve as a tool in the future to preventing many diseases in our industry.

Control Area Quarantine Release Notifications

JULY 30, 2015 – All remaining Minnesota HPAI control areas released from quarantine | Details

The Minnesota Board of Animal Health today announced that all remaining HPAI control areas have been released from quarantine. This means that all Minnesota poultry and poultry products from non-infected farms are no longer restricted by additional testing and movement requirements.

A total of 43 farms have restocking agreements in place. At least 31 of those farms already have birds back in their barns.

JULY 23, 2015 – Kandiyohi County lifted from quarantine | map of affected counties/townships in control areas

  • As a result of continued HPAI control and eradication efforts in Minnesota, significant progress has been made in recovery efforts including the release of additional HPAI Control Areas.

JULY 7, 2015 – HPAI Control Area Quarantine Release Notification

Epidemiological Information/Studies

The United States Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) today released an updated highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) epidemiology report.

The report has been updated to include:

  1. interpretation of data from 81 turkey flocks investigated for HPAI;
  2. preliminary results from a case-control study conducted in layer operations in Iowa and Nebraska; and,
  3. preliminary results of a study of wildlife near affected and unaffected premises.

The updated report can be read here.


6/15/2015 – Epidemiological Analysis

Preliminary – Epidemiological Analysis

Secure Turkey Supply

Summary of the Draft Secure Turkey Supply (STS) Plan

The STS Plan promotes food security and animal health through continuity of market planning prior to a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak. This plan makes specific science- and risk-based recommendations that emergency decision makers (such as Incident Commanders) can use to rapidly decide whether to issue or deny permits for the movement of turkey industry products during an HPAI outbreak.


Farmer Assistance Programs / Financial Options

NRCS Assistance for Avian Influenza – Please contact your local NRCS service center for an application; click here for office locations
Loan Programs

Livestock Investment Grant Program – Minnesota Department of Agriculture Commissioner Dave Frederickson asks livestock producers to apply for a portion of $2 million in grants available for on-farm improvements. “Livestock Investment Grants help farmers stay competitive and reinvest in their industry. Last year, we had 120 livestock farmers receive grants to improve their operation,” said Frederickson.

Qualifying producers are reimbursed 10 percent of the first $500,000 of investment, with a minimum investment of $4,000. Qualifying expenditures include the purchase, construction or improvement of livestock buildings or facilities. Fencing, feeding and waste management equipment are also covered. Producers who suffered a loss due to natural disaster may also apply. The grant will not pay for livestock, land purchases, or debt refinancing.

Past applicants who did not receive an award need to reapply for the 2016 program. These grants are incentives to start projects, which must begin after August 1, 2015. Applications for operations with farmers transitioning into livestock, beginning farmers, and those with a positive environmental impact receive priority. Details and guidelines of the grant are available at www.mda.state.mn.us/livestockinvestmentgrant.

The application deadline is December 18, 2015. Please apply online: http://tinyurl.com/mdalivestock.

Farmer Lender Mediation Program – The Minnesota State Legislature recognized the need to support both farmers and lenders in managing agricultural debt. The 1986 Omnibus Farmer-Lender Bill includes a program of farmer-lender mediation to facilitate discussions on
credit problems. Since 1986, University of Minnesota Extension has managed this successful mediation program.

University of Minnesota Extension provides resource to assist in income reductions

Is Avian Influenza causing you stress and worry?  

There are a wide variety of thoughts and feelings that can occur when bad things happen.  Anyone who sees or experiences this can be affected in some way.

It is important to know there is support available for you during this difficult time.  Call the Minnesota Farmers Assistance Network at 1-877-898-6326 or the National Disaster Distress Helpline at 1-800-985-5990, or visit the website at  http://disasterdistress.samhsa.gov.

Remember to take care of yourself!

via USDA 5/4/2015

Hotlines & Websites

Click HERE for hotline numbers and websites with helpful information:

  • General inquiries about avian influenza
  • Reporting sick/dead poultry
  • Reporting sick/dead wild birds
  • Poultry permits for farmers (required within control zones)
  • And more

Dept of Revenue - Tax Filing Extension

Poultry producers whose production is affected by H5N2 avian influenza outbreak get more time to file and pay their taxes

Poultry producers in Minnesota whose farms or flocks are affected by the H5N2 avian influenza will get help if the outbreak prevented them from filing their returns or paying their taxes on time, the Minnesota Department of Revenue announced April 29.

The department will forgive penalties and interest for poultry producers in the affected counties who have Minnesota tax returns or payments due between April 23 and May 27, 2015, in line with the original emergency executive order and 30 day extension.

This only applies to Minnesota taxes. This does not apply to any local government or federal taxes.

If you are a poultry producer in the affected counties and the outbreak has prevented you from filing or paying your taxes, please contact us at 651-556-3003 or 1-800-657-3909.

USDA Indemnity Procedures

Revised 4/10/2015 by USDA:

In response to the growing number of cases of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), APHIS has updated its policy to maximize indemnity for growers. For states without a prior HPAI detection, duplicate samples will now be sent to the National Animal Health Laboratory Network and the National Veterinary Services Laboratories concurrently. In states where HPAI has already been detected, APHIS will now allow for the official census to be taken after the presumptive positive H5 PCR results from a National Animal Health Laboratory Network lab. This will allow for indemnity to be paid on more birds. It is critical producers have testing and USDA paperwork completed as quickly as possible upon any unusual mortality in their barns. Per federal regulations, USDA cannot pay for birds that die prior to final paperwork being signed.

Click here to see the full policy.

Governor’s Executive Orders

Executive Order July 2015

7/13/15 : Governor Mark Dayton signed Emergency Executive Order 15-12 (see above), delivering relief from regulations incorporated in Minnesota Statutes, section 221.0314, subdivision 9, pertaining to hours of service for motor carriers and drivers of commercial motor vehicles providing direct assistance in emergency relief efforts.

Emergency relief from regulations for motor carriers and drivers traveling to and from farms for the purpose of transporting poultry to processing facilities remains in effect until August 11, 2015, or until the commercial motor carrier or driver ceases direct assistance in providing emergency relief, whichever occurs first.

Emergency Executive Order April 2015
Press Release from Governor’s Office

4/10/15: An Emergency Executive Order (file above) was issued today from Governor Mark Dayton. This exempts poultry feed and live haul trucks from the spring road restriction limit of 5 tons. Given the number of law enforcement jurisdictions that enforce these restrictions have your drivers carry this executive order in their vehicles.

Contact Steve Olson with questions:

News Release: National Guard to Assist with Avian Influenza Response (4/26/2015)

View Executive Order

4/26/2015: Governor Mark Dayton has issued Emergency Executive Order 15-09, declaring a Peacetime State of Emergency in Minnesota in response to the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). The actual order is attached.

Under the new state of emergency:

• The Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management (HSEM) will activate the Minnesota Emergency Operations Plan, coordinating response efforts across all agencies of state government and helping local governments respond and recover from the emergency

• And the Adjutant General of Minnesota will order to state active duty such personnel and equipment of the military forces of the State as required, and for such a period of time as necessary to provide assistance and emergency relief services.

We will provide updated information as it becomes available.

General HPAI Info / Talking Points


Minnesota Talking Points (updated 4/20/2015)

HPAI Frequently Asked Questions

IMPORTANT Letter to MTGA Members (posted 3/13/2015)

Minnesota Board of Animal Health website on Avian Influenza – www.mnairesponse.info

USDA Biosecurity for the Birds website (for backyard flock owners)

Phone/Text Notification System

The Minnesota Turkey Growers Association and the Chicken and Egg Association of Minnesota have established a Phone Notification System to keep our members updated on Disease Alerts as quickly as possible.

The phone call will list the MTGA-CEAM phone number, 763-682-2171. The system will broadcast out a voice message to all phone numbers we have on file to alert you to the specific area/type for the disease alert, and tell you a detailed email or mailing with specifics on the Disease Alert, Maps, and additional information from BAH or USDA has or will be sent.

This system will also send a text message to your cell phone, but ONLY if you to “opt-in” by texting the word ALERT to 22300. This can be done now or when you get the test phone message we will be sending out this week.

 Important to Note: IF you opt-in to text messaging, you WILL NOT receive a voice call on your cell phone.

If you have any questions, please contact our office at 763/682-2171.

Wildlife Management Practices

You can build upon and enhance your on-farm biosecurity measures with the addition of simple wildlife management practices around your farm. The following management practices can help you prevent wild birds and other wildlife from coming into direct contact with your poultry, as well as wild bird fecal material and secretions from being accidentally transported on boots, equipment, and food to your birds.

Improve Your Biosecurity with Simple Wildlife Management Practices

Testing / Courier Service

Pre-Movement Testing / July 4th Holiday Schedule (UPDATED as of 6-26-2015)

AI Testing Guidelines / Courier Service (UPDATED as of 5-8-2015)

USDA-APHIS Producer Fact Sheets on HPAI + Restocking Criteria

APHIS has now provided HPAI producer factsheets, which cover details on depopulation, indemnity, disposal, and disinfection. These have been combined into one 17-page file downloaded as a pdf at this link.

Minnesota Restocking Criteria (Version 10 – 6/17/2015)

USDA Restocking Criteria (6/11/2015)

Avian Influenza Presentation

In this 30 minute video, Dr. Helen Wojcinski offers insights into key aspects of Avian Influenza, how to manage the disease and discusses the impact on the turkey industry, including:

  • What is the risk to humans?
  • How is AI spread? What are the sources?
  • What types of surveillance and control measures are being implemented?
  • Why is there a higher incidence in turkeys?

Dr. Helen Wojcinski is the Science and Sustainability Manager at Hybrid Turkeys. She is a well-known expert in health, biosecurity and animal welfare and has been working in the poultry industry for over 30 years.

Biosecurity + Cleaning/Disinfecting

3-Point PTO Driven Mist Sprayers (retails ~$3,100) – These hook up well to small utility tractors

U of MN Fact Sheet (4/8/2015):  Rethink Biosecurity for HPAI Now  | Spanish Version

Biosecurity Updates by Bird Type:

Danish Entry – Photo | What it Is | How to use it

Additional videos available in these languages:

Photos – Biosecurity Examples

Barn Washing Crews Available

New (as of 6/24/2015):

Mobile Washer has staff and time in their schedule to add more customers.  Current rates for washing turkey grow-out barns is $3.00/ ft. to wash exterior sidewalls and $9.00/ft for interior washing. The company uses Virkon S as the disinfectant and warranties its disinfection process to pass inspection. At these prices each farm is responsible to supply the company’s wash trailer with water and a small tractor to pull the company’s trailer through the barns. (For barns that are not grow-out, pricing will vary; contact the company for details.)

Contact: Shane Johnson, Mobile Washer Operations Manager

Signs of HPAI in Turkeys

Signs of HPAI in Turkeys (Carol Cardona, University of Minnesota)